REGULATION (EU) 2021/581 on the Situational Pictures of the European Border Surveillance System (EUROSUR)

on the situational pictures of the European Border Surveillance System (EUROSUR)

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION, Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Regulation (EU) 2019/1896 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 November 2019 on the European Border and Coast Guard and repealing Regulations (EU) No 1052/2013 and (EU) 2016/1624 (1), and in particular Article 24(3) thereof,



Regulation (EU) 2019/1896 defines situational pictures as an aggregation of geo-referenced near-real-time data and information received from different authorities, sensors, platforms and other sources which is transmitted across secured communication and information channels and can be processed and selectively displayed and shared with other relevant authorities in order to achieve situational awareness and support the reaction capability at, along or in the proximity of the external borders and the pre-frontier area. This definition, represents a development of the concept as initially laid down in Regulation (EU) No 1052/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council (2), reflecting a more a ‘data centric’ approach permitting users to select the appropriate graphical display and user interface depending on the operational situation and their command and control needs.


Regulation (EU) 2019/1896 provides for the establishment of national situational pictures, a European situational picture and specific situational pictures to be produced through the collection, evaluation, collation, analysis, interpretation, generation, visualisation and dissemination of information. Situational pictures are to consist of three separate information layers, namely, an events layer, an operational layer and an analysis layer.


It is necessary to lay down the details of each of the information layers of the situational pictures and the rules for the establishment of specific situational pictures. It is further necessary to specify the type of information to be provided and the processes governing the provision of such information as well as mechanisms to ensure quality control. In order to ensure a coordinated approach that enhances information exchange, reporting in the European Border Surveillance System (‘EUROSUR’) should be specified and standardised.


As regards the analysis layer of the situational pictures, the owner of situational pictures should establish the analysis layer based on risks analysis reports. These reports aim at enhancing the understanding of events at the external border which can facilitate the forecasting of trends, the planning and conduct of border control operations as well as strategic risk analysis. The methodologies related to the risk analysis reporting, and the attribution of confidence levels should be based upon the common integrated risk analysis model (CIRAM).


In order to ensure consistency and facilitate information exchange while preserving security, the Agency should integrate and develop its various risk analysis networks and tools in the framework of EUROSUR, such as the Frontex Risk Analysis Network (FRAN), the European Document Fraud Risk Analysis Network (EDF-RAN) or the Maritime Intelligence Community Risk Analysis Network (MIC-RAN).



The complete text of the new REGULATION (EU) 2021/581
is available from

reference is made extensively to
Regulation (EU) 2019/1896